CALENDAR FOR NORTH AMERICA
2014 CE    2015 CE    2016 CE                1435H     1436H     1437H    

The criteria adopted by Fiqh Council of North America (FCNA) and Islamic Society of North America (ISNA) are that the month begins, if (1) Moon is born before Makkah sunset, and (2) moon sets in Makkah after sunset.

Download Power Point Presentation: FCNA calendar in light of Qur'an & Hadith:
Qur'an says moon is created for Calendar
  1. Sun and moon follow Hisab:
    "The sun and the moon follow courses exactly computed." (55:05)
  2. Crescent moon as the standard to be used for reckoning of time:
    "They ask you about the waxing and waning phases of the crescent moons, say they are to mark fixed times for mankind and Hajj." (2:189)
  3. Sun and Moon to be used for reckoning of time:
    "It is He who made sun a lamp, and the moon a light and fixed the phases, so that you can count years and Hisab." (10:5)
  4. Sun and Moon to be used for reckoning of time:
    "And He who made the night for rest and sun and moon for reckoning of time. This is the decree of the Exalted, the All-knowing." (6:96)
  5. Moon is the measure of month:
    "The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year) so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are sacred; that is the straight usage.......Verily the transposing (of a prohibited month) is an addition to unbelief: the unbelievers are led to wrong thereby: for they make it lawful one year and forbidden another year in order to adjust the number of months forbidden by Allah and make such forbidden ones lawful. The evil of their course seems pleasing to them. But Allah guideth not those who reject faith." (9:36-37)
  6. Ordained orbits of celestial bodies:
    "And the moon, we have measured for her mansions (to traverse) till she returns like the old, (withered, and curved-up like a sickle) date-palm. It is not permitted for sun to catch-up the moon, nor can the night outstrip the day; each swims along in (its own) orbit." (36:39-40)
Education on Islamic Calendar
Famous Hadith - "soomu li-ru'yatihi ....." For explanation Click Here"
Ever Wonder Why?

(1) Translation of Quran in any other language was prohibited by Fatwas till about 1000 AD. Now Ulamaa' allow it.

(2) 300 years ago, when clocks and watches were invented; use of those devices for prayer times was not allowed by Ulamaa'. Now they allow it.

(3) 120 years ago, in India, calculated Prayer Times were not acceptable per Fatwas by Ulamaa'. Now they allow it.

(4) 60 years ago, loud speakers use for Prayers was considered Haraam, per Fatwas by Ulamma' in Indo-Pak. Now they allow it.

(5) 50 years ago, taking picture for ID or passports was considered Haraam, per Fatwas by Ulamma' Now they allow it.

(6) For decades and even now Muslims think telescope sighting is not valid, but Ulamaa' (Scholars) accept it now valid for starting Islamic months.

It takes decades for Ulamaa' to accept science and remain reluctant to do Ijtihaad.

Educational Videos
Month is 29 days (Hadith)
Javed Ghamidi explainsExplanation in Urdu about the Hadith: Ashshahru tis'un wa ishroon fa soomu li-ru'yatihi wa aftiru li-ru'yatihi......
Moonsighting Conference
in UK, 2010
Khalid Shaukat's Lecture in UKMoonsighting Conference in UK, October 31, 2010

Moonsighting Conference
in Canada, 2012
Khalid Shaukat's Lecture in CanadaMasaajid in Greater Toronto accept global sighting

Moonsighting or Calculations
calculations or moon sightingSolution for Moonsighting Problem: Shaykh-ul-Islam Dr.Tahirul-Qadri
Where is the Hijri Calendar?

Ulamaa's as well as general Muslims' response has been, "Our deen is perfect. Ramadan, Eid-al-Fitr and Eid-al-Adha are based on moonsighting; rest of the months who cares. Read more about it - Click here

Lunar Calendar should not require sighting

Whether a calendar is solar or lunar, it is not religious matter; it comes under Ilm-ul-Falakiat (Astronomy). A respected religious scholar Javed Ghamidi says:

"To determine the beginning of a lunar month it is not necessary to see the moon with naked eye. Not understanding the context of a Hadith became the reason that it is necessary to see the moon. If sighting the moon was necessary, then why it is not required to see on the 30th of the month. If for a 30 day month, science is the basis, then why science cannot be the basis for 29 days. It is Allah who has given the knowledge of science to man. To Iftaar a fast no one watches the sun; every one relies on the watch. At suhoor time, no one watches stars; every one relies on watch. In the matters of astronomy the religious scholars should not interfere. If we do not reap the benefit of science then we will become a laughing stalk in the world. The witness or Shahadah for moon sighting is not a religious matter. Instead of insisting on sighting by bare eyes or relying on witness, the benefit of scientific knowledge must be used."

Reading informative space books and a bit of updated science books will sharpen your space knowledge.


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